HIV is in every country across the world. Anyone can be at risk from HIV. Some people are at continual risk and others are only at risk a few times in their life.
This is mainly because those two groups of people are in processes where it is easy to test them as part of health checks. This means that the vast majority of Irish society has never been tested.
A HIV test is the only way to know whether you have HIV or not. It is your responsibility to request a HIV test as you cannot get a test any other way unless you are pregnant or seeking asylum.
The vast majority of people who get a HIV test receive a negative diagnosis.
The main reason to test is because you know you may have been at risk from HIV transmission.
You cannot tell by looking at someone if they are living with HIV.
HIV is a virus that takes years to fully develop within your body. Once developed it begins to weaken your immunity system so you are vulnerable to illnesses and infections.
As with all conditions, treatment is more effective if it is administered at the early stages of the infection. It is now possible to live a natural, healthy life span and live with HIV provided you find out about it before it damages your immune system.